National figures indicate that nearly 40 percent of the population is younger than 15 in Cambodia. Malnutrition is a serious problem, and a large percentage of children have limited access to education and healthcare. Many work in the street or as beggars. Worst, some are forced into the Cambodian child sex trade and its underworld of disease, drugs and violence.
Cambodia has recorded impressive economic growth in the last decade. The country has emerged from its violent recent history. However, while jobs have been created at all levels of society, the wage gap is widening and the United Nations indicates that over 30 percent of the population remains below the national poverty line.
As Cambodia leaves behind its difficult modern history, new challenges are emerging. Economic growth has been strong, but the distribution of wealth has been uneven and large segments of the population remain in poverty. A particular challenge in Phnom Penh stems from the Khmer Rouge nullifying private property rights in 1979.
Wenn du dich aktiv im Gesundheitswesen engagieren möchtest, dann bist du in Kambodscha genau richtig. In unserem Public Health – Praktikum begleitest du erfahrene Fachkräfte bei Hausbesuchen und bist ebenso für die Nachversorgung der Patienten zuständig. Des Weiteren unterstützt du die lokale Bevölkerung bei der Gesundheitsvorsorge in Kindergärten.
In the early 1990s, against the backdrop of the United Nations Peacekeeping mission, a vibrant NGO movement started in Cambodia. Today the Cambodian NGO sector is composed of hundreds of small community organizations that significantly contribute to development efforts and civil society across the country.
The health system in Cambodia is one of the weakest in Southeast Asia. While tremendous improvements have been made since the fall of the Khmer Rouge, deficiencies across all areas remain. Public health awareness remains an issue, as do diseases like HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and hepatitis. Most public hospitals lack resources and manpower, and the level of treatment offered is generally subpar.